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Movement Controls

Phylloxera is most commonly spread through transportation of materials such as:

  • grapevines, including cuttings and rootlings
  • grapevine foliage
  • whole fresh grapes
  • grape marc and must and unfiltered juice
  • unfermented grape must
  • sample material for analysis
  • soil from vineyards
  • packages and equipment used in the cultivation and harvesting of grapes, including bins, buckets, vine guards, and vineyard posts (but not limited to these)
  • vehicles, machinery, clothing and footwear used in vineyards.

 

These materials may only be moved under certain circumstances with Agriculture Victoria’s approval.

You must check these materials carefully and follow appropriate procedures before transporting them.

Do not transport any materials that may have come in contact with phylloxera.

Procedures for PIZs are provided in the National Phylloxera Management Protocol.

See industry notices for changes to quarantine movement conditions.

For more information, call Agriculture Victoria’s Customer Service Centre on 13 61 86.

 

Penalties can apply if host materials are moved into a PEZ or out of a PIZ without certification.

Early detection and a rapid, planned response are the keys to effective biosecurity emergency management.

Contact Agriculture Victoria’s Customer Service Centre on 136 186 if you are unsure of what you need to do.

 

Interstate Certification Assurance

In order to facilitate regular movement of all grape material, Interstate Certification Assurance (ICA) arrangements are available. These can be used for interstate and intrastate movement of grape material between PIZs and PRZs or PEZs.

 

 

Moving trellis materials and irrigation pipes

When a vineyard is removed, the trellis materials can often be used elsewhere for other vineyards or for fencing. Used irrigation pipes may also be transported to other properties. Vineyard operators need to ensure compliance with grape phylloxera management zone regulations whenever trellis materials or irrigation pipes are removed.

All used vineyard trellis materials and irrigation pipes are considered potential hosts or vectors of phylloxera. Phylloxera can be present in vineyard soil, so any soil remaining on posts or pipes or picked up during vineyard removal operations (e.g. in bundles of wire) has the potential to spread phylloxera. Also, roots may grow into cracks or crevices in vineyard posts and while the roots remain alive phylloxera can survive.

Click the above image to view an enlarged map depicting phylloxera zones in Victoria.

 

Therefore, any trellis materials or irrigation pipes leaving a Phylloxera Infested Zone (PIZ) or entering a Phylloxera Exclusion Zone (PEZ) or Control Area (see map) need to be cleaned and disinfested, and accompanied by the necessary documents (Plant Health Certificate, Plant Health Declaration and/or permit).

Whilst the accompanying procedures are required for the management of grape phylloxera, they are also desirable for general vineyard hygiene. Other pests and diseases may also be present in cracks on wooden posts, in cordon material still attached to trellis wires, or in crevices of grapevine guards.

Observe these procedures:

  • Trellis posts and irrigation pipes must be removed from the ground at least 14 days prior to heat treatment.
  • All posts (wooden, steel, plastic, concrete) and pipes must be brushed or washed free of all soil.
  • All posts and pipes must be inspected by a DEPI Plant Standards Officer for freedom from soil if leaving a PIZ or entering a PEZ or Control Area.
  • Transport vehicles to be cleaned prior to leaving a PIZ or entering a PEZ or Control Area (tray/trailer to be cleaned free of soil).
  • Trellis materials and irrigation pipes must be treated with dry heat at 45°C for 75 minutes or 40°C for 120 minutes, with data logger printout as evidence.
  • Plant health certification needs to be obtained from a Plant Standards Officer for treated trellis materials and pipes (cleaned and heat treated) leaving a PIZ or entering a PEZ or Control Area.

Before removing any trellis materials from vineyards and transporting them out of a PIZ or into a PEZ or Control Area, contact an Agriculture Victoria Plant Standards Officer – phone 136 186 or email plant.standards@ecodev.vic.gov.au.

 

Moving grapevine planting material

Biosecurity obligations for nurseries and grape growers

Grape phylloxera is a devastating pest of grapevines, which helped to wipe out grape growing in the Geelong and central Victorian regions in the late 19th century. The pest is still present in parts of Victoria, but is largely contained through phylloxera management zones.

Grapevine nursery material infested with phylloxera is a high-risk pathway for the spread of phylloxera. Nurseries and grape growers (commercial and hobby) need to be aware of the phylloxera management zones and comply with regulations concerning the movement of grapevine planting material.

Grapevine planting material includes cuttings, rootlings and potted vines.

Click the above image to view an enlarged map depicting phylloxera zones in Victoria.

Phylloxera management zones are shown on the map.

 Observe these procedures:

  • Grapevine planting material cannot be moved from a Phylloxera Infested Zone (PIZ).
  • Nurseries and growers in a Phylloxera Exclusion Zone (PEZ) can get planting material from within or another PEZ without restriction.
  • Nurseries and growers in a PEZ can get cuttings and rootlings (but not potted vines) from a Phylloxera Risk Zone (PRZ) provided the material has been treated in accordance with the regulations and moved under permit from the department.
  • For nurseries and growers in a PRZ there are no restrictions on receiving planting material from a PEZ or PRZ. However, potted vines cannot be moved back into a PEZ and cuttings and rootlings can only be moved to a PEZ if the material has been treated in accordance with the regulations and moved under permit from the department.
  • For nurseries and growers in a PIZ there are no restrictions on getting planting material from a PEZ, PRZ or within the specific PIZ. However, vines sold in a PIZ cannot be moved out of the PIZ.
  • It is preferable for all nurseries and grape growers to obtain planting material from a PEZ.
  • In a PRZ or PIZ it is preferable not to obtain planting material within those zones due to the risk of phylloxera being present on the material.

 

Before moving grapevine planting material into a PEZ, contact an Agriculture Victoria Plant Standards Officer –

Phone 13 61 86 or email plant.standards@ecodev.vic.gov.au