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Best Practice Biosecurity

Agriculture Victoria and the Victorian Viticulture Biosecurity Committee (VVBC) collaborate closely to encourage all industry sectors to participate in addressing biosecurity issues.

 

A key focus of biosecurity in Victorian viticulture industries is on managing grape phylloxera. In collaboration with industry, Agriculture Victoria has surveyed most of Victoria to determine its phylloxera status and maximise market access for grapevine products.

 

A number of other exotic pests and diseases are also potential threats to viticulture in Victoria. Grape growers need to ensure they implement best practice biosecurity measures (such as promoting farm hygiene and monitoring movement of plant materials) to minimise the chances of either phylloxera or other pests becoming established.

 

Exotic pests of grapevines

Whilst phylloxera has been the major biosecurity issue for Victorian grape growers, many pests not yet recorded in Australia are potential threats to our viticulture industries.

Vines should be checked regularly and any unusual or unknown pest or disease symptoms reported to the Exotic Plant Pest Hotline 1800 084 881.

Top 10 exotic pests that are high priorities for Victorian viticulture include:

  • Angular leaf scorch (Pseudopezicula tetraspora)
  • Bacterial blight (Exanthomonas ampelina)
  • Black rot (Guignardia bidwellii)
  • Flavescence doree (Flavescence doree phytoplasma)
  • Glassy-winged sharpshooter (Homalodisca coagulata)
  • Grape mealybug (Pseudococcus maritimus)
  • Omnivorous leaf roller (Platynota stultana)
  • Pierce’s disease (Xylella fastidiosa)
  • Rotbrenner (Pseudopezicula tracheiphila)
  • Vine mealybug (Planococcus ficus)

 

For information on these pests, go to the Plant Health Australia Pest Information Document Database and select wine grapes, table grapes or dried fruit.

Other high priorities are:

  • Grapevine leaf rust (Phakopsora euvitis)
  • Grapevine vitivirus B (corky bark strain)
  • Vine leafhopper (Scaphoideus titanus)
  • Yellow vine mite (hornbeam mite) (Eotetranychus carpini)